a length of timber or steel supporting part of the structure of a building, typically arranged in parallel series to support a floor or ceiling.

Load Path

Refers to the direction in which weight passes through the base of your home. A healthy load path will see weight beginning at the top of the home, passing through to the footing, and finally moving on to the foundation itself and the soil that lays beneath it. A...

Rim Joist

In the framing of a deck or floor system, a rim joist is attached perpendicular to the joists, and provides lateral support for the ends of the joists while capping off the end of the floor or deck system. … It is also confusingly called a header (header also...


A layer of plain or reinforced concrete. Usually of uniform thickness but sometimes of variable thickness, and supported by beams, columns, walls, other framework, or on the ground.

Stair Step Crack

are separations in the mortar joints of the concrete block foundation. The separation runs down the vertical joint and across the horizontal joint, forming a crack that looks like a set of stairs. Stair step cracks are usually the result of foundation settling or...